The i-Pathways Project is prepared to meet the educational challenges for students and programs as the 2014 changes in the high school equivalency testing are just around the corner. Over the past 18 months the i-Pathways Project Team including the system development team and the curriculum development team has been working diligently to not only get the i-Pathways curriculum aligned with several national adult education initiatives, but to also completely rebuild the i-Pathways system using updated technologies resulting in more advanced features and function for the end user. The updated rigorous and extensive curriculum and the new i-Pathways system will debut in late Fall 2013. We are extremely excited about the what we have to offer adult education programs and students in the upcoming years. To give you are sneak peak behind the scenes at what the i-Pathways team has been working on, check out the following information which includes the NEW i-Pathways Scope and Sequence.

The Scope and Sequence outlines how i-Pathways will address the expectations of the Common Core Standards, the Essential Knowledge and Skill Statements for Career Pathways and provide a detailed curriculum outline learners working at the Low Adult Secondary Education through the High Adult Secondary Education NRS Levels.

**Common Core Standards**

The Common Core State Standards provide a road map of benchmarks that a student should reach throughout their educational career in order to prepare them for success in higher education or career entry. The i-Pathways team has carefully reviewed the CCSS and developed a curriculum which addresses these standards in a very engaging and cross curricular approach.

**Essential Knowledge and Skill Statements**

The i-Pathways curriculum includes content that addresses several of the State’s Career Cluster initiative Essential Knowledge and Skill Statements. Students should be able to demonstrate these skills in context of their chosen career pathway. Below are the Essential Knowledge and Skill Statements that are reflected in the i-Pathways Curriculum.

**ESS01.02**: Demonstrate language arts knowledge and skills required to pursue a full range of post-secondary education and career opportunities.- Comprehend key elements of oral and written information such as cause/effect, comparisons/contrasts, conclusions, context, purpose, charts/tables/graphs, evaluation/critiques, mood, persuasive text, sequence summaries, and technical subject matter.
- Evaluate oral and written information for accuracy, adequacy/sufficiency, appropriateness, clarity, conclusions/solutions, fact/opinion, propaganda, relevancy, validity, and relationship of ideas.
- Predict potential outcomes and/or solutions based on oral and written information regarding trends

**ESS01.03:**Demonstrate mathematics knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of post-secondary education and career opportunities.- Demonstrate use of relational expressions such as equal to, not equal, greater than, less than, etc.
- Apply data and measurements to solve a problem.
- Analyze Mathematical problem statements for missing and/or irrelevant data.

**ESS02.01:**Select and employ appropriate reading and communication strategies to learn and use technical concepts and vocabulary in practice.- Determine the most appropriate reading strategy for identifying the overarching purpose of a text. (i.e skimming, reading for detail, reading for meaning or critical analysis).
- Select the reading strategy for strategies needed to fully comprehend the content within a written document. (i.e skimming, reading for detail, reading for meaning or critical analysis).

**ESS02:03:**Locate, organize and reference written information from various sources to communicate with co-workers and clients/participants.- Reference the source of information.

**ESS02:05:**Use correct grammar, punctuation and terminology to write and edit documents- Compose multi-paragraph documents clearly, succinctly, and accurately.
- Use descriptions of audience and purpose when preparing and editing written documents.
- Use correct grammar, spelling, punctuation, and capitalization when preparing written documents.

**High School Equivalency**

The following information identifies the scope and sequence of the i-Pathways curriculum that will prepare students for their high school equivalency exam. The scope and sequence is based on the Common Core Standards and Essential Knowledge and Skill Statements. Each module has a Pre-Survey that will place students into appropriate lessons and a Post-Survey that will enable learners to take a practice test to determine content mastery. There are learning checks in each lesson and unit reviews at the culmination of a unit. Writing is assessed in every content area. Students are provided with opportunities to connect their writing skills to content area questions. In the Reasoning Through Language Arts, students are provided with instruction on how to draw relevant information from complex texts and create an analytical response.

**Reasoning Through Language Arts**

As students prepare to enter higher education or the workplace, they must demonstrate the ability to read closely, write clearly, and use standard written English in context. The Reasoning Through Language Arts Module prepares students to successfully complete a high school equivalency exam. The content provides students with the background knowledge to demonstrate the Essential Knowledge and Skill Statements and prepare them to answer assessment questions that require inferences that is in alignment with text. Furthermore, the Reasoning Through Language Arts Module provides students with the experience of reading and responding to questions reflective of a range of materials.

Unit 1: The Reading Process

- Lesson 1 – What is Reading?
- Lesson 2 – Pre-Reading
- Lesson 3 – During Reading
- Lesson 4 – After Reading

Unit 2: Vocabulary and Word Skills

- Lesson 1 – Understanding Word Parts
- Lesson 2 – Vocabulary in Context
- Lesson 3 – Confused Pairs
- Lesson 4 – Learning Vocabulary

Unit 3: Reading Comprehension Skills

- Lesson 1 – Main Ideas
- Lesson 2 – Details
- Lesson 3 – Inferences

Unit 4: Patterns of Organization

- Lesson 1 – Fact and Opinion
- Lesson 2 – Cause and Effect & Compare and Contrast
- Lesson 3 – Time Order, Narrative Process
- Lesson 4 – Classification, Description and Listing of Examples

Unit 5: Purpose and Tone

- Lesson 1 – Purpose and Tone
- Lesson 2 – Informative Reading
- Lesson 3 – Reading for Pleasure

Unit 6: Graphics and Electronic Texts

- Lesson 1 – Reading Graphics with Understanding
- Lesson 2 – Reading Electronic Texts

Unit 7: The Writing Process

- Lesson 1 – Paragraph and Sentences
- Lesson 2 – Patterns of Organization
- Lesson 3 – The Writing Process
- Lesson 4 – Introduction to Referencing Materials

**Mathematics**

In order to be successful in higher education or the workplace, students need to develop math skills that show mastery of fundamental problem solving and numeracy. The units and lessons are designed to help students build foundational skills in mathematical reasoning as well as fluency in problem solving and procedural application.

Unit 1 Introduction to Real Numbers

- Lesson 1 – Integers
- Lesson 2 – Additions with Integers
- Lesson 3 – Subtraction with Integers
- Lesson 4 – Adding and Subtracting Signed Numbers
- Lesson 5 – Multiplication, Division and Order of Operations with Rational Numbers

Unit 2 Introduction to Algebra

- Lesson 1 – Variables and Algebraic Expressions
- Lesson 2 – Combining Like Terms and Simplifying
- Lesson 3 – Solving Algebraic Equations Using the Addition Principle
- Lesson 4 – Solving Algebraic Equations Using the Multiplication Principle
- Lesson 5 – Solving Algebraic Equations Using the Multiplication and Additions Principles
- Lesson 6 – Solving Algebraic Equations with Fractions and Decimals
- Lesson 7 – Translating and Word Problems
- Lesson 8 – Solving Linear Equations Requiring Simplification of Either or Both Sides
- Lesson 9 – Solving Linear Equations with Variable on Both Sides
- Lesson 10 – Solving Literal Equations

Unit 3 Introduction to Geometry

- Lesson 1 – Points, Lines, Planes, and Angles
- Lesson 2 – Classifying Triangles and the Pythagorean Theorem
- Lesson 3 – Classifying Quadrilaterals
- Lesson 4 – Circles
- Lesson 5 – Area of Polygons Using Formulas
- Lesson 6 – Volume

Unit 4 Linear Inequalities in One Variable

- Lesson 1 – Set Notation, Interval Notation, and Terminology
- Lesson 2 – Solve and Graph Single Linear Inequalities
- Lesson 3 – Solve and Graph Compound Linear Inequalities in One Variable
- Lesson 4 – Solve Linear Equations and Inequalities Containing Absolute Value

Unit 5 Linear Functions

- Lesson 1 – Introduction to Graphing
- Lesson 2 – Graphing Linear Functions Using a Table of Values
- Lesson 3 – Graphing Horizontal and Vertical Lines
- Lesson 4 – Graphing Linear Functions Using Intercepts
- Lesson 5 – Rate of Change – Understanding Slope in Context
- Lesson 6 – Slope of a Line
- Lesson 7 – Equations of Lines (Slope-Intercept and Point-Slope Form)
- Lesson 8 – Graphing Linear Functions in Slope-Intercept Form or Point-Slope Form
- Lesson 9 – Applications of Linear Functions
- Lesson 10 – Write the Equation of a Line Perpendicular or Parallel to a Given Line
- Lesson 11 – Graph Linear Inequalities in Two Variable

**Science**

The Science curriculum includes CCSS for Reading as well as meets the National Research Council’s Framework for K-12 Science Education. The major content domains include life science, Earth and space, and physical science.

Unit 1: Scientific Methods and Technology

- Lesson 1 – Science as Inquiry
- Lesson 2 – Science and Technology

Unit 2: Life Science

- Lesson 1 – The Human Body
- Lesson 2 – The Cell
- Lesson 3 – Molecular Basis of Heredity
- Lesson 4 – Understanding Evolution
- Lesson 5 – Form and Function
- Lesson 6 – Interdependence of Organisms
- Lesson 7 – Behavior of Organisms

Unit 3: Physical Science:

- Lesson 1 – Structure and Properties of Matter
- Lesson 2 – Chemical Reactions
- Lesson 3 – Motion and Forces
- Lesson 4 – Systems, Order and Organization
- Lesson 5 – Interactions of Energy and Matter

Unit 4: Earth and Space Science:

- Lesson 1 – Energy in the Earth System
- Lesson 2 – Evolution of the Earth System
- Lesson 3 – Origin and Evolution of the Universe
- Lesson 4 – Preservation of the Earth and its Resources

**Social Studies**

The Social Studies curriculum includes CCSS for Reading as well as meets the National Standards for History. The major content domains include United States History, economics, geography, and the world.

Unit 1: Civics and Government

- Lesson 1 – Modern and Historical Governments
- Lesson 2 – American Constitutional Democracy
- Lesson 3 – Structure and Design of United States Government
- Lesson 4 – Political Parties, Campaigns, Elections, Electoral Process, and Contemporary Public Policy

Unit 2: United States History

- Lesson 1 – Revolutionary and Early Republic Periods.
- Lesson 2 – Change to Civil War and Reconstruction
- Lesson 3 – Civil Rights
- Lesson 4 – European Settlement and Population of the Americas
- Lesson 5 – The Cold War and Foreign Policy Since 9/11

Unit 3: Economics

- Lesson 1 – Fundamental Economic Concepts
- Lesson 2 – Microeconomics and Macroeconomics
- Lesson 3 – Key Economic Events Shaping American Government and Policies
- Lesson 4 – Consumer Education

Unit 4: Geography and the World

- Lesson 1 – Development of Classical Civilizations
- Lesson 2 – Relationship Between the Environment and Societal Development
- Lesson 3 – Borders between People and Nations

**Consumer Education**

The Consumer Education module provides contextualized instruction in life skills while making clear connections to the academic skills needed to be ready to enter higher education or the job market. Each lesson has a learning check that provides practice with critical thinking. The Module provides experience with real world documents, application of math principles and reading non-fiction passages.

Unit 1: Getting a Job or Furthering Your Education

- Lesson 1 – Find A Job
- Lesson 2 – Labor Unions
- Lesson 3 – Health Insurance
- Lesson 4 – Your Paycheck and Taxes
- Lesson 5 – Payday
- Lesson 6 – Transition to Higher Education

Unit 2: Taxes

- Lesson 1 – Government and Taxes
- Lesson 2 – Filing Federal Taxes
- Lesson 3 – Filing State Taxes

Unit 3: Housing

- Lesson 1 – Renting vs. Owning
- Lesson 2 – insurance

Unit 4: Transportation

- Lesson 1 – Selecting a Vehicle
- Lesson 2 – Buying vs. Leasing
- Lesson 3 – Auto Insurance

Unit 5: Investing

- Lesson 1 – Life Insurance
- Lesson 2 – Stocks
- Lesson 3 – Mutual Funds
- Lesson 4 – Investing in Bonds
- Lesson 5 – Retirement Plans

Unit 6: Consumer Protection and Decision Making

- Lesson 1 – Advertising and Decision Making
- Lesson 2 – Comparison Shopping
- Lesson 3 – Deception and Fraud
- Lesson 4 – Rights and Responsibilities
- Lesson 5 – Resolving a Consumer Complaint

**Test Taking**

The Test-Taking Module consists of four lessons that provides students with an overview of the skills students need in order to succeed with the assessments in the high school equivalency exams or in higher education.

- Lesson 1 – Technology in Assessments
- Lesson 2 – Overcoming Text Anxiety
- Lesson 3 – Transitioning to Higher Education or the Workplace
- Lesson 4 – Practice Surveys

The current i-Pathways system and content is being used in over 10 states to prepare students for the current high school equivalency exam. If you are interested in finding out more about the current system please check out our other blog entries, venture to the i-Pathways website at the following URL.

Checkout our Facebook page. It is a public page so you do not need to be a user of Facebook to see the resources or information we provide to help support our program and instructor users.

https://www.facebook.com/adult.education.pathways

You can also contact Crystal Hack, i-Pathways Project Director, for information on how to become an i-Pathways Program User. Crystal Hack can be reached at chack@cait.org.